17 Types of Formal Dress Shoes for Men (Photos)

A variety of formal dress shoes on a wooden surface.

I remember my first pair of formal shoes which I got with my first suit in grade twelve.  I’ll never forget the entire outfit – black coat, taupe trousers, and black shoes.  I thought it was very cool.

A few years later, after college and once I landed my first office job, it was back to the suit and shoe store for a full wardrobe of formal workwear.

But my all-time favorite pair of formal shoes were gifted to me by my father.  They were black oxford wingtips.  They must have been 25 years old when he gave them to me, still in excellent shape.  In fact, I still have them and still wear them proudly.

Whether you’ve landed your first job or are simply looking for a great pair of men’s formal shoes, get a better understanding of your options with our epic article and series of shoe charts that set out your men’s formal shoe options.

While dress shoes are above average in cost, you don’t have to spend a fortune – unless you want to match the most expensive men’s shoes cost for a foothold in that exclusive club.

1. Overview Chart of Men’s Formal Shoes

Overview Chart of Men's Formal Shoes

As you can see from the above, there are 5 main styles of men’s formal shoes.  They are:

  • Oxford,
  • Derby,
  • Blucher,
  • Loafer, and
  • Monk.

We break them down further below.

2. Parts of Men’s Dress Shoe (Anatomy Diagram)

Parts of Men's Dress Shoe (Anatomy Diagram)

Before we get into the different types of dress shoes, it’s useful to get an understanding of the different parts of a man’s dress shoe.  Here’s a diagram setting out the anatomy of a man’s dress shoe.

3. Oxford & Derby Shoes

Oxford shoes are low heeled, leather lace-up dress shoes for men.  The distinguishing feature from the similar derby shoes is that the Oxford shoes have closed lacing.  See our Oxford vs. Derby shoe illustration below.

Oxford vs. Derby Shoes: What’s the difference between Oxford and Derby Shoes?

While oxfords and derby shoes may look similar, there are subtle differences.  They are:

  • Lacing: The Oxford has closed lacing loops while the derby remains open when laced.  You can see the difference in the illustration below.
  • Structure: With Oxfords, the vamp is sewn onto the quarters.  With Derby shoes, the quarters are sewn onto the vamp.
  • Heel: Oxfords have a closed heel while Derby shoes have an extended heel.
  • Casual vs. Formal:  The Oxford’s closed lacing is considered more formal than the more casual open-lacing of the derby shoe (and blucher shoe for that matter).

An illustrative representation of Oxford vs Derby formal shoes for men.

4 Types

a. Cap Toe

A cap toe shoe is one with a straight edge at the front.

Florsheim Men's Montinaro Cap Toe Dress Shoe Lace Up Oxford, Black, 7 D US
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b. Plain Toe

A plain toe is a regular rounded shoe toe with no leather cap nor broguing.  It’s plain as the name suggests.

Florsheim Men's Medfield Plain Toe Oxford Dress Shoe, Black, 7 Medium
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c. Whole Cut

Whole cut shoes are shoes made from a single piece of leather.  It is not assembled from pieces of leather.  It’s formed with one piece (pretty cool).  These can be plain or include tiny perforations.

Magnanni Men's Lamont Oxford, Cognac, 11.5 M US
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d. Wing Tip (aka Brogue Shoes)

Wing tips are shoes made from multiple pieces of leather.  The famous decorative perforations run along the visible edges of the various leather pieces (i.e. at the seams).

Ferro Aldo Josh MFA19278 Men's Casual Two Tone Perforated Classic Brogue Wingtip Dress Shoes - White, Size 9.5
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4. Blucher Shoes

Blucher shoes are low heeled, leather, open laced dress shoes much like the derby shoes.

Derby vs. Blucher:

If both have open lacing, what’s the difference between a derby and blucher shoe?

The difference is that with blucher shoes, the lacing system is created via pieces of leather sewn onto the shoe.  With the derby shoe, the lacing system is created via the quarters sewn onto the vamp.  Again, subtle differences, but it’s these subtle differences that make up the different styles.

Blucher shoes also come in a variety of styles which are as follows:

An illustrative representation of the types of Blucher shoes for men.

a. Shortwing Brogue

The shortwing is when the perforations curve downward not spanning the length of the shoe (unlike longwing brogues).

A Blucher shortwing shoe for men.

Source: Alden

b. Plain Toe

The plain toe is a shoe with no stitching or perforations.

Allen Edmonds Men's Leeds Plain Toe Blucher Oxford, Black Calf, 8.5 D US
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c. Split Toe

The split toe is when the toe has a vertical stitch at the tip of the toe.

Allen Edmonds Men's Ashton Split Toe Oxford,Black,11.5 E
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d. Longwing Brogue

The longwing brogue is when the wingtip perforations span the entire length of the shoe.

Allen Edmonds Men's MacNeil Long Wing Tip Blucher Oxford, Black Calf, 8.5 D US
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5. Loafers

Loafers are low-heeled leather laceless dress shoes for men.  The come in three main styles which are as follows:

An illustrative representation of the types of loafer shoes for men.

a. Penny

Then penny loafer has a plain, laceless closed front often with a leather band across the vamp.

Lethato Men's Handcrafted Genuine Leather Penny Slip-On Leather Lined Loafer- Black
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b. Tassel

The tassel loafer is identifiable by the tassels attached to the leather band that crosses the vamp.

Cole Haan Men's Pinch Tassel Loafer, Black, 7 D US
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c. Bit Loafer

A bit loafer has a metal band across the vamp.

Bostonian Men's Bardwell Bit, Black, 8 M US
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6. Monk Style Shoes

The monk style shoe, also a low-heeled, leather shoe, use a buckle or buckles to secure them.  There are single and double buckle varieties.

a. Single Buckle

Nunn Bush Men Sabre Monk Strap Slip-On Loafer, Black, 10.5
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b. Double Buckle

Unlisted by Kenneth Cole Men's EEL Monk-Strap Loafer, Black, 7 M US
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